Sandy Smith of Womble Carlyle is a successful attorney who appreciates different forms of art, including Japanese Gardening

Sandy Smith of Womble Carlyle: Fundamental Principles of Japanese Gardening

Japanese Gardening is art that is based on certain principles. Miniaturization is one of the most important fundamentals of Japanese gardening. In miniaturization, elements such as ponds and piles of soil represent much bigger landscapes. Miniaturization goes side by side with different ways to make parts and elements of gardens appear larger than they actually are. One of the ways to accomplish this goal is to place larger rocks and trees in the foreground and smaller ones in the background. A composition like this creates an illusion of big distance between the two sets.

Sandy Smith of Womble Carlyle: Fundamental Principles of Japanese Gardening

A second important principle is the arrangement of the gardens in such a way that it is impossible to see everything at once. For example, in some gardens, plants and fences block the long-range views. A third principle is asymmetry. This principle makes all the elements of a Japanese garden to appear non-dominant. A focal point of the garden, if there is one, would be located off to a side. For example, rocks and trees in Japanese gardens usually form compositions that balance horizontal, vertical, and diagonal lines.  Not all Japanese gardens are designed for people to enter them. Some of the gardens are to be viewed from outside, such as a nearby building or a deck. Gardens like these use a different set of rules. It is usually possible for people like Sandy Smith of Womble Carlyle to see the entire garden at once and to trace routes inside the garden.

Also Read: What is a good book on Japanese gardening